A comparative analysis of regional integration potential in the Asia-Pacific Region


Objective: The objective of the article is to verify whether the EU can be perceived as a benchmark for further integration of Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Participating Countries (RCEP PC) of the Asia-Pacific region.

Research Design & Methods: We adopted a quantitative research methodology. It employed cluster analysis through Ward’s minimum-variance method to analyze the Euclidean distances of eight GDP-based World Development Indicators and build two synthetic development measures: SMDRCEP and SMDEU. They were used to group countries according to their level of economic advancement. Standard deviation was used to measure the differences in the structure of GDP in both environments (σRCEP and σEU). The research sample was composed of all RCEP PC and European Union Member States (EU MS). The data sets came from the World Bank database.

Findings: The integrity level of RCEP PC is lower than that of EU MS; however, the differences are less significant than expected. Nevertheless, the possibility of RCEP reaching the next integration levels in the foreseeable future is limited.

Implications & Recommendations: As RCEP PC do not seem to be able to engage in further integration in the near future, RCEP PC policymakers and business entities should focus on keeping the agreement alive in its current form (FTA). We recommend analyzing whether integration in smaller and more homogeneous groups of countries is possible and desirable. Another factor worth further research is whether the inadequate size of the Chinese economy within the agreement has a pro- or anti-integrational influence on RCEP.

Contribution & Value Added: Our research provides an actual insight into the development possibilities of the ‘youngest’ regional integration agreement, the RCEP, based on the experiences related to the integration of the most advanced regional integration agreement, the EU.


Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership; European Union; regional integration; economic integration; economic integration indexes

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Published : 2022-12-31

FicekW., & GawlikR. (2022). A comparative analysis of regional integration potential in the Asia-Pacific Region. International Entrepreneurship Review, 8(4), 25-39. https://doi.org/10.15678/IER.2022.0804.02

Wojciech Ficek 
Krakow University of Economics  Poland

Bachelor of International Economics in International Trade, alumnus and master’s program student at the Cracow University of Economics (Cracow, Poland). Scientific interests: regional integration, European unification process, financial economics, monetary integration, international trade relations, international economic and political relations. Applied research methods: synthetic measures of development, Ward’s method, standardized sum method, correlation analysis, linear arrangement.

Remigiusz Gawlik  remigiusz.gawlik@uek.krakow.pl
Krakow University of Economics  Poland

Associate Professor at Cracow University of Economics (Cracow, Poland) and Extraordinary Associate Professor at the North-West University Business School (Potchefstroom, South Africa). Scientific interests: modelling and enhancing decision-making processes in management, international economic and political relations, social costs of global economic development, the economy of happiness and work-life balance, geopolitics. Applied research methods: Analytic Hierarchy Process, Analytic Network Process, Artificial Neural Networks, Fuzzy Sets. Certified Gestalt Counsellor and consultant in business communication with experience in international companies, NGO associate, consultant in European Union’s Framework Programmes, and guest lecturer at foreign Universities.

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