Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

The concept of HR 4.0: A literature review



Objective: The article aims to identify the degree of interest and consider HR 4.0 issues in scientific research. This approach enables the analysis of the existing body of work to prepare for future empirical research by gathering relevant resources of knowledge available on this subject, as well as by varying research directions.

Research Design & Methods: The study adopted formal approaches and systematic methods to locate, select, evaluate, summarise, and report the references collected in a literature review. Articles were analysed using the VOSviewer software (version 1.6.19), which is a tool used to construct and visualise bibliometric networks.

Findings: The concept of HR 4.0 forms a separate cluster directly related to the concept of Industry 4.0, and only through this path is it shaped by other semantic determinants. This indicates a lack of detailed analysis of the concept and thus probably of the entire concept itself. In the future, from the perspective of the HR 4.0 concept, the HR function will implement specific tools, such as cybernetic influences, digitalisation of human resource management (HRM), remote HRM, human – machine interface skills, human – strategic organisational links, and human – technology interface competences.

Implications & Recommendations: To date, researchers have focused on technological tools supporting human resource management processes, hence, most references have been identified with the concept of e-HRM. On the other hand, if we take the concept of Industry 4.0 as a starting point, then based on its consequences, it will also be possible in the future to analyse the relationship between the HR function and Industry 5.0.

Contribution & Value Added: There is a wide cognitive gap in the research on the concept of HR 4.0, and the information obtained from research places humans at the centre of Industry 4.0 alongside technology and organisation.


HRM, HR 4.0, Industry 4.0, evolution of the HR, HR function


Author Biography

Magdalena M. Stuss

Associate Professor at the Jagiellonian University (Poland). Her scientific interests include human resource management in public organizations and enterprises, employer branding, organization of work in managerial positions, and the search for the relationship between human resource management and finance – human capital management in the practice of enterprises and contemporary management concepts.


  1. Amui, L.B.L., Jabbour, C.J.C., de Sousa Jabbour, A.B.L., & Kannan, D. (2017). Sustainability as a dynamic organizational capability: a systematic review and a future agenda toward a sustainable transition. Journal of Cleaner Production, 142, 308-322.
  2. Armstrong, M. (2002). Zarządzanie zasobami ludzkimi. Oficyna Ekonomiczna.
  3. Arruda, H.M., Bavaresco, R.S., Kunst, R., Bugs, E.F., Pesenti, G.C., & Barbosa, J.L.V. (2023). Data Science Methods and Tools for Industry 4.0: A Systematic Literature Review and Taxonomy. Sensors, 23(11), 5010.
  4. Baldassari, P., & Roux, J.D. (2017). Industry 4.0: preparing for the future of work. People & Strategy, 40(3), 20-24.
  5. Becker, B.E., & Huselid, M.A. (2006). Strategic Human Resources Management: Where Do We Go From Here?. Journal of Management, 32(6), 898-925.
  6. Cheese, P. (2008). Driving high performance in the talent‐powered organization. Strategic HR Review, 7(4), 25-31.
  7. Chernyak-Hai, L., & Rabenu, E. (2018). The New Era Workplace Relationships: Is Social Exchange Theory Still Relevant?. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 11(3), 456-481.
  8. De Bruyne, E., & Gerritse, D. (2018). Exploring the future workplace: results of the futures forum study. Journal of Corporate Real Estate, 20(3), 196-213.
  9. Denyer, D., & Tranfield, D. (2009). Producing a systematic review. In D. Buchanan & A. Bryman (Eds.), The Sage Handbook of Organizational Research Methods (pp. 671-687). Sage Publications Ltd.
  10. Denyer, D., & Tranfield, D. (2006). Using qualitative research synthesis to build an actionable knowledge base. Management Decision, 44(2), 213-227.
  11. Dhanpat, N., Buthelezi, Z.P., Joe, M.R., Maphela, T.V., & Shongwe, N. (2020). Industry 4.0: The role of human resource professionals. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 18.
  12. DiRomualdo, A., El-Khoury, D., & Girimonte, F. (2018). HR in the digital age: how digital technology will change HR’s organization structure, processes and roles. Strategic HR Review, 17(5), 234-242.
  13. Dlamini, R., & Ndzinisa, N. (2020). Universities trailing behind: Unquestioned epistemological foundations constraining the transition to online instructional delivery and learning. South African Journal of Higher Education, 34.
  14. Doshi, M., Shukla, A., & Patel, P. (2021). A study on digitalisation in human resources with help of some examples. SSRN Electronic Journal, 8, a425-a438.
  15. El-Khoury, D. (2017). Digital transformation and the world-class HR difference. Strategic HR Review, 16(2), 86-88.
  16. Gan, J.L., & Yusof, H.M. (2019). Industrial revolution 4.0: The human resource practices. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 8(3), 620-624.
  17. Ganer, S.D., Kediya, S.O., Suchak, A.K., Dey, S.K., & Band, G. (2022). Analytical study of HRM practices in industry 5.0. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 1259(1), 012041.
  18. Gerhart, B. (2005). Human resources and business performance: Findings, unanswered questions, and an alternative approach. Management Revue, 174-185.
  19. Guthrie, J.P. (2001). High-involvement work practices, tutnover and productivity: Evidence from New Zeland. Academy of Management Journal, 44(1), 180-190.
  20. Huselid, M.A. (1995). The impact of human resource management practices on turnover, productivity and corporate financial performance. Academic Management Journal, 38(3), 635-672.
  21. Jabbour, C.J.C. (2013). Environmental training in organisations: From a literature review to a framework for future research. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 74, 144-155.
  22. Kämpf-Dern, A., & Konkol, J. (2017). Performance-oriented office environments – framework for effective workspace design and the accompanying change processes. Journal of Corporate Real Estate, 19(4), 208-238.
  23. Kitchenham, B. (2004). Procedures for Performing Systematic Reviews. Keele, UK, Keele Univ., 33.
  24. Liboni, L.B., Cezarino, L.O., Jabbour, C.J.C., Oliveira, B.G., & Stefanelli, N.O. (2019). Smart industry and the pathways to HRM 4.0: implications for SCM. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 24(1), 124-146.
  25. Listwan, T. (Ed.). (2002). Zarządzanie kadrami. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo C.H. Beck.
  26. Lumi, A. (2020). The Impact of Digitalisation on Human Resources Development. Prizren Social Science Journal, 4, 39-46.
  27. Mahoney‐Phillips, J., & Adams, A. (2009). Getting the measure of HR. Strategic HR Review, 9(1), 5-9.
  28. Makieła, Z., Stuss, M.M., & Borowiecki, R. (2021). Sustainability, Technology and Innovation 4.0. Routledge.
  29. Mariano, E.B., Sobreiro, V.A., & Rebelatto, D.A.N. (2015). Human development and data envelopment analysis: A structured literature review. Omega, 54, 33-49.
  30. Muralidhar, S. (2016). Impact of HR Practices on Job Satisfaction and Talent Management in the Manufacturing Sector. PES Business Review, 11(2), 20.
  31. Nteboheng, P., Mefi, W., Sisulu, U., Samson, N., Asoba, W., Mefi, N., & Asoba, S.N. (2021). Sustainable human resource practices for organizational competitiveness post the Covid-19 pandemic. Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal, 27, 1-7. Retrieved from on April 2, 2023.
  32. Nugroho, R.E. (2017). Analysis of Talent Management, Employee Engagement and Leadership. International Journal of Economic Perspective, 11(4), 590-601.
  33. Obeidat, S.M. (2016). The link between e-HRM use and HRM effectiveness: an empirical study. Personnel Review, 45(6), 1281-1301.
  34. Oleksyn, T. (2017). Zarządzanie zasobami ludzkimi w organizacji. Warszawa: Wolters Kluwer.
  35. Pocztowski, A. (2007). Zarządzanie zasobami ludzkimi: strategie, procesy, metody. Polskie Wydawnictwo Ekonomiczne.
  36. Rahanu, H., Georgiadou, E., Siakas, K., Ross, M., & Berki, E. (2021). Ethical Issues Invoked by Industry 4.0 (pp. 589-606).
  37. Schultz, C.M. (2021a). The relationship between self-leadership, the future of human resource management, and work engagement. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 19.
  38. Schultz, C.M. (2021b). The future and the role of human resource management in South Africa during the Fourth Industrial Revolution. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 19.
  39. Shamim, S., Cang, S., Yu, H., & Li, Y. (2016). Management approaches for Industry 4.0: A human resource management perspective. 2016 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC), 5309-5316.
  40. Sima, V., Gheorghe, I.G., Subić, J., & Nancu, D. (2020). Influences of the Industry 4.0 Revolution on the Human Capital Development and Consumer Behavior: A Systematic Review. Sustainability, 12(10), 4035.
  41. Sivathanu, B., & Pillai, R. (2018). Smart HR 4.0 – how industry 4.0 is disrupting HR. Human Resource Management International Digest, 26(4), 7-11.
  42. Stuss, M.M. (2021). Zarządzanie talentami. Koncepcje, modele i praktyki. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego.
  43. Tabatabaee, S.A.N., Lakeh, A.A., & Tadi, A.A. (2014). A Study of Succession Planning Challenges in Governmental Organizations. Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 3(11.a), 231-238.
  44. Tranfield, D., Denyer, D., & Smart, P. (2003). Towards a Methodology for Developing Evidence-Informed Management Knowledge by Means of Systematic Review. British Journal of Management, 14(3), 207-222.
  45. Trotta, D., & Garengo, P. (2019). Assessing Industry 4.0 Maturity: An Essential Scale for SMEs. 69-74.
  46. Trotta, D., & Garengo, P. (2018). Industry 4.0 key research topics: A bibliometric review. 2018 7th International Conference on Industrial Technology and Management (ICITM), 113-117.
  47. Ulrich, D., Younger, J., Brockbank, W., & Ulrich, M. (2012). HR talent and the new HR competencies. Strategic HR Review, 11(4), 217-222.
  48. Verma, A., & Venkatesan, M. (2022). HR factors for the successful implementation of Industry 4.0: A systematic literature review. Journal of General Management, 47(2), 73-85.
  49. Wirtky, T., Laumer, S., Eckhardt, A., & Weitzel, T. (2016). On the Untapped Value of e-HRM – a Literature Review. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 38, 20-83.
  50. Wright, P.M., Gardner, T.M., & Moynihan, L.M. (2003). The impact of HR practices on the performance of business units. Human Resource Management Journal, 13(3), 21-36.


Download data is not yet available.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 184

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.