Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Intrapreneurial competencies and firms’ growth: The mediating effect of perceived organizational support

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15678/IER.2022.0802.04

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this article is to determine the relationship between intrapreneurial competencies (IC) (i.e. opportunity promoter, proactivity, flexibility, business drive, and risk assumption) and organizational growth (OG) and to test the mediating role of perceived organizational support (POS).

Research Design & Methods: A simple random sampling technique was used to draw a sample of 408 employees from 34 small manufacturing firms. We analyzed the influence of IC on OG through a parallel mediation involving POS.

Findings: The results show that POS mediates the path through which opportunity promoter, proactivity, flexibility, drive, and risk assumption impact OG.

Implications & Recommendations: IC fosters OG, particularly with high POS by employees. Thus, employers must identify and strengthen factors that support employees to improve their abilities and enhance OG.

Contribution & Value Added: The findings of this study highlight the importance of IC in fostering OG, particularly when employees perceive that they are valued by the organization and that their well-being is of importance to the organization.

Keywords

intrapreneurial competencies, perceived organizational support, organizational growth, intrapreneurship, entrepreneurial behaviours

(PDF) Save

Author Biography

Helen Okwor

PhD Candidate. Her research interests include entrepreneurship, strategic management, organizational behaviours, and human resource management.

Anastasia Ogbo

Professor of Management. Her research interests include management, business, entrepreneurship, innovation, strategic planning, business development, human resource management, economic development, and business management.

Vitalis Ndu

PhD Candidate. His research interests include strategic management, strategic planning, and human resource management.

Chukwuemeka Christian Onwe

Doctor of Management. His research interests include entrepreneurship, strategic management, organizational behaviours, and operational research.


References

  1. Agbenyegah, A.T., & Mahohoma, T. (2020). The impact of selected entrepreneurial competencies on SMEs performance in Ethekweni regions of South Africa: Theoretical and practical implications. Business Administration and Business Economics, 16 (4), 64-85.
  2. Alavi, M.T., & Karami, A. (2009). Managers of small and medium enterprises: mission statement and enhanced organizational performance. Journal of Management Development, 28(6), 555-562. https://doi.org/10.1108/02621710910959729
  3. Alvarez, S.A., Barney, J.B. (2001), How intrapreneurial firms can benefit from alliances with large partners. Academy of Management Executive, 15 (1), 139-148. https://doi.org/10.5465/ame.2001.4251563
  4. Alves, C.A., & Gama, A.P.M. (2019). Family business performance: A perspective of family influence. Review of Business Management, 22(1), 163-182. https://doi.org/10.7819/rbgn.v22i1.4040
  5. Antoncic, B., & Hisrich, R.D. (2003). Clarifying the intrapreneurship concept. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 10(1), 7-24. https://doi.org/10.1108/14626000310461187
  6. Antoncic, B., & Hisrich, R.D. (2001). Intrapreneurship: Construct refinement and cross-cultural validation. Journal of Business Venturing, 16, 495-527. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0883-9026(99)00054-3
  7. Balanovska, T., Gogulya, O., & Wyrzykowska, B. (2018). The role of entrepreneur competencies in the development of rural areas. Proceedings of the 2018 International Scientific Conference Economic Sciences for Agribusiness and Rural Economy, 1(7-8), 55-61. https://doi.org/10.22630/ESARE.2018.1.6
  8. Barney, J. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17, 99-120 https://doi.org/10.1177/014920639101700108
  9. Butali, P., & Njoroge, D. (2018). Effect of employee participation on organizational performance with organizational commitment as a moderator. International Journal of Scientific Research and Management, 6(6), 478-485. https://doi.org/10.18535/ijsrm/v6i6.el015
  10. Carter, M.E., & Tamayo A.M. (2017). Entrepreneurial and Intrapreneurial Skills of Managers as Determinant of Organizational Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in Davao Region, Philippines. SSRN Electronic Journal, 1-14 https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2927916
  11. Chouchane, R., Fernet, C., Austin, S., & Zouaoui, S.K. (2021). Organizational support and intrapreneurial behavior: On the role of employees’ intrapreneurial intention and self-efficacy. Journal of Management & Organization, 1-17. http://dx.doi:10.1017/jmo.2021.14.
  12. Colquitt, J.A., Scott, B.A., Rodell, J.B., Long, D.M., Zapata, C.P., Conlon, D.E., & Wesson, M.J. (2013). Justice at the millennium, a decade later: a meta-analytic test of social exchange and affect based perspectives. Journal of Applied Psychology, 98(2), 199-236. http://dx.doi:10.1037/a0031757.
  13. Davis, G. F., & Cobb, J. (2010). Resource dependence theory: Past and future. Research in the Sociology of Organizations, 28, 21-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/S0733-558X(2010)0000028006
  14. Dobre, O. (2013). Employee motivation and organizational performance. Review of applied socio-economic research, 5(1), 53-60.
  15. Dublin, G.S., & Onuoha, B.C. (2020). Intrapreneurship and organizational responsiveness of bottle water manufacturing firms in Rivers State. International Journal of Advanced Academic Research (Social and Management Sciences), 6(11) 32-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.46654/ij.24889849.s61119
  16. Dung, L.T. (2021). The mediating role of employee intrapreneurial behavior in nexus between constructs of internal corporate social responsibility practices and organizational outcomes. Journal of Asia-Pacific Business, 22(2), 134-154. https://doi.org/10.1080/10599231.2021.1905494.
  17. Eisenberger, R., Fasolo, P., & Davis-LaMastro, V. (1990). Perceived organizational support and employee diligence, commitment, and innovation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75(1), 51-59. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.75.1.51
  18. Eisenberger, R., Huntington, R., Hutchison, S., & Sowa, D. (1986). Perceived organizational support. Journal of Applied Psychology, 71(3), 500-507. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.71.3.500
  19. Farrukh, M., Chong, W.Y., Mansor, S., & Ramzani, S.R. (2017). Intrapreneurial behavior: The role of organizational commitment. World Journal of Entrepreneurship Management and Sustainable Development, 13(3), 1-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/WJESD-03-2017-0016
  20. Galvez, E.J., (2011). Intra-entrepreneurial culture and innovation: An empirical study in the Colombian tourism micro and SMEs. Cuadernos de Administracion, 27(46), 1-12.
  21. Geoffrey, J., & Christos, P. (2015). Entrepreneurial imagination and a demand and supply-side perspective on the MNE and Cross-border organization. Journal of International Management, 21(4), 309-321. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intman.2015.07.003
  22. Gould-Williams, J. (2007), HR practices, organizational climate and employee outcomes: evaluating social exchange relationships in local government. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 18(9), 1627-1647. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585190701570700
  23. Hair, J.F., Black, W.C., Babin, B.J. & Anderson, R.E. (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis. A Global Perspective (7th ed.). Prentice Hall.
  24. Hariani, B., & Masdupi, E. (2019). The effect of transformational leadership, PEP, POS and organizational commitment on OCB: A literature review. Third International Conference on Economics Education, Economics, Business and Management, Accounting and Entrepreneurship (PICEEBA 2019), 97, 371-378. https://doi.org/10.2991/piceeba-19.2019.43
  25. Hashemi, K.M.S., Nadi, H.K., Hosseini, S.M., & Rezvanfar, A. (2012). Explaining agricultural personnel’s intrapreneurial behavior: The mediating effects of job satisfaction and organizational commitment. International Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 3(6), 299-308.
  26. Hayes, A.F. (2018). Introduction to Mediation, Moderation, and Conditional Process Analysis: A Regression-Based Approach (Methodology in the Social Sciences) (2nd ed.). The Guilford Press.
  27. Hecker, A. (2017). The intrapreneurial nature of organizational innovation: toward a new. International Journal of Innovation, 5(3), 375-406. https://doi.org/10.5585/iji.v5i3.208
  28. Hiwarkar, A.S., & Vidyapeeth, T.M. (2019). Importance of intrapreneurship. Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research, 6(1), 351-357.
  29. Hostager, T.J., Neil, T.C., Decker, R.L., & Lorentz, R.D. (1998). Seeing environmental opportunities: effects of intrapreneurial ability, efficacy, motivation and desirability. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 11(1), 11-25. https://doi.org/10.1108/09534819810369536
  30. Isa, A.A., & Sharma, K.D. (2016). Labour law and staff retrenchment in commercial banks in Nigeria: Causes and consequences. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, 3(11), 90-93.
  31. Islam, T., Ahmed, I., & Ahmad, U.N.B.U. (2015). The influence of organizational learning culture and perceived organizational support on employees’ affective commitment and turnover intention. Nankai Business Review International, 6(4), 417-431. https://doi.org/10.1108/NBRI-01-2015-0002
  32. Iyabo, L. (2018). 95% of Nigerian graduates are not employable, says don. Retrieved from https://guardian.ng/features/education/95-of-nigerian-graduates-are-not-employable-says-don/
  33. Jong, J.P.J. De, Parker, S.K., Wennekers, S., & Wu, C.-H. (2015). Entrepreneurial behavior in organizations: Does job design matter?. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 39(4), 981-995. https://doi.org/10.1111/etap.12084
  34. Kasser, T., Davey, J., & Ryan, R.M. (1992). Motivation and employee supervisor discrepancies in a psychiatric vocational rehabilitation setting. Rehabilitation Psychology, 37(3), 175-188. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0079104
  35. Kellermanns, F.W., Eddleston, K.A., Barnett, T., & Pearson, A. (2008). An exploratory study of family member characteristics and involvement: Effects on entrepreneurial behavior in the family firm. Family Business Review, 21(1), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-6248.2007.00107.x
  36. Klofsten, M., Urbano, D., & Heaton, S. (2020). Managing intrapreneurial capabilities: An overview. Technovation, 99(102177), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2020.102177
  37. Koch, C., Bekmeier-Feuerhahn, S., Bögel, P.M., & Adam, U. (2019). Employees’ perceived benefits from participating in CSR activities and implications for increasing employees’ engagement in CSR. Corporate Communications. An International Journal, 11(3), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1108/CCIJ-12-2017-0123
  38. Kraimer, M.L., Seibert, S.E., Wayne, S.J., & Liden, R. C. (2011). Antecedents and outcomes of organizational support for development: The critical role of career opportunities. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96(3), 484-500. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021452
  39. Kuratko, D.F., Montagno, R.V., & Honsby, J.S. (1990).Developing an intrapreneurial assessment instrument for an effective corporate entrepreneurial environment. Strategic Mangement Journal, 11, 45-58. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2486669.
  40. Kurtessis, J.N., Eisenberger, R., Ford, M.T., Buffardi, L.C., Stewart, K.A., & Adis, C.S. (2017). Perceived organizational support: a meta-analytic evaluation of organizational support theory. Journal of Management, 43(6), 1854-1884. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206315575554
  41. Lombriser, R. (1994). Top entrepreneurs. The Financial Times, Londres, Pitman Publishing. https://www.ft.com/?saveConsentPreferences=success
  42. Lukes, M. (2012). Supporting entrepreneurial behavior and innovation in organizations. Central European Review, 1(2), 29-36. https://doi.org/10.18267/j.cebr.15
  43. Maan, A.T., Abid, G., Butt, T.H., Ashfaq, F., & Ahmed, S. (2020). Perceived organizational support and job satisfaction: A moderated mediation model of proactive personality and psychological empowerment. Future Business Journal, 6(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s43093-020-00027-8
  44. Mahmoud, M.A., Ahmad, S., & Poespowidjojo, D.A.L. (2020). Intrapreneurial behavior, big five personality and individual performance. Management Research Review, 43 (12), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1108/MRR-09-2019-0419
  45. Mendes, L. (2012). Employees’ involvement and quality improvement in manufacturing small and medium enterprise (SME): A comparative analysis. African Journal of Business Management, 6(23), 6980-6996. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJBM12.234
  46. Meyer, J.P., & Allen, N.J. (1997). Commitment in the workplace: Theory, research and application. Sage.
  47. Meyer, J.P., Allen, N.J., & Gellatly, I.R. (1990). Affective and continuance commitment to the organization: Evaluation of measures and analysis of concurrent and time-lagged relations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75(6), 710-720. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.75.6.710
  48. Mirkamandar, S., & Beheshtifar, M. (2015). The role of perceived organizational support on entrepreneurial behavior. Research Journal of Social Sciences, 8(7), 155-159.
  49. Ms Ginu, G., & Binoy, J. (2014). A study on employees’ engagement level in travel organisations with reference to Karnataka. Indian Journal of Commerce and Management Studies, 5(3), 8-15.
  50. Nkechinyere, A.M. (2019). Developing approach to employability in Nigerian graduates in labour market: Need for curriculum improvement. Pan-Commonwealth Forum, 9-12 September 2019, Edinburgh, Scotland. Developing, (September), 9-12.
  51. Oslon, P.D., (1985). Entrepreneurship: Process and abilities. American Journal of Small Business, 10(1), 25-31. https://doi.org/10.1177/104225878501000103
  52. Parada, A.I.O., Marquez, I.L C., Acosta, L.R.S., & Flores, C.C.D. (2019). Intrapreneur´s competencies and skills: evidence from Mexico. International Journal of Management and Marketing Research, 12(1), 51-60.
  53. Parker, S.C. (2009). Intrapreneurship or entrepreneurship? IZA Discussion Papers, No. 4195, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Bonn.
  54. Rahman, M.S., & Karan, R. (2016). Perceived organizational support and organizational commitment: Bangladesh perspective. Journal of Business Administration, 27, 205-220.
  55. Rathna, K.G., & Vijaya, T.G. (2009). Competencies of entrepreneurs and intrapreneurs: A comparative study. South Asian Journal of Management, 16(2), 28-60.
  56. Rexhepi, G., Kurtishi, S., & Bexheti, G. (2013). Corporate social responsibility (CSR) and innovation drivers of business growth? 2nd International Conference on Technology and Innovation Management Corporate, 75, 532-541. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.04.058
  57. Rhoades, L., & Eisenberger, R. (2002). Perceived organizational support: A review of the literature. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(4), 698-714. https://doi.org/10.1037//0021-9010.87.4.698
  58. Rhoades, L., Eisenberger, R., & Armeli, S. (2001). Affective commitment to the organization: The contribution of perceived organizational support. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(5), 825-836. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.86.5.825
  59. Shane, S. (1996). Hybrid organizational arrangement and their implications for growth and survival: A study of new franchsors. Academy on Management Journal, 39(1). https://doi.org/10.5465/256637
  60. SMEDAN/NBS. (2017). National Survey of Micro Small & Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). Retrieved from http://smedan.gov.ng/images/NATIONAL%20SURVEY%20OF%20MICRO%20SMALL%20&%20MEDIUM%20ENTERPRISES%20(MSMES),%20%202017%201.pdf
  61. Trujillo, M.A. & Guzmán, A. (2008). Intraemprendimiento: Una revisión al constructo teórico, sus implicaciones y agenda de investigación futura. Cuadernos de Administración, 21(35), 37-63.
  62. Varela, J. & Irizar, I. (2009). Caracterización de los Intraemprendimientos en el Grupo Mondragón de España y en las empresas de Ibagué en Colombia, 21 de enero de 2011.
  63. Vargas-Halabí, T., Mora Esquivel, R., & Siles, B. (2017). Intrapreneurial competencies: development and validation of a measurement scale. European Journal of Management and Business Economics, 26(1), 86-111. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJMBE-07-2017-006.
  64. Wayne, I. (1975). Nonresponse, sample size, and the allocation of resources. The Public Opinion Quarterly, 39(4), 557-562. https://doi.org/10.1086/268253
  65. Weinzimmer, L.G., Nystrom, P.C., & Freeman, S.J. (1998). Measuring organizational growth: Issues, consequences and guidelines. Journal of Management, 24(2), 235-262. https://doi.org/10.1177/014920639802400205
  66. Yaemjamuang, B. (2017). Investigating motivation of the hotel employees at the operational level: A case study of the hotel business in Samut Songkram province, Thailand. International Journal of Business and Economic Affairs, 2(1), 8-11. https://doi.org/10.24088/IJBEA-2017-21002

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 113

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.