Creating the environment for innovation and entrepreneurship
Innovation generation and diffusion have been widely acknowledged as hinging upon the complex set of institutional, social and psychological processes. The objective of the paper is to examine the need and possibilities of creating the environment for innovation and entrepreneurship in the university setting. In particular, this paper focuses on interrelationships and roles of specific groups of university members: the administration, faculty and students. The study is exploratory in character, based on observations and literature review. It starts with defining modern-day university as home of innovation emphasizing the need for interdisciplinary and interinstitutional approaches. The paper discusses the need of faculty to learn to reach across the institution and beyond to work with others, working across silos of academia and meeting with others from very different disciplines. Second it examines ways the university administration support can encourage innovation among its faculty, staff and students. Third, it draws on existing research to identify key dimensions of change. The study proposes pathways that may activate the mechanisms of climate and infrastructure for innovation. The proposed dimensions and analyzed areas of change can potentially form the foundations of a framework for universities seeking to diagnose their existing condition and use such findings to enhance the generation and diffusion of innovation. The university quest to break down the barriers and reach across the disciplines to generate innovation takes commitment which needs to be coupled with administrative change such as the reward structures lined up with the vision and changes regarding the teaching and learning practices as well as the physical environment for the classes, the class rooms and meeting spaces of students and faculty.
innovation; environment for innovation; interdisciplinary; culture of innovation; tools of innovation
Carlson, K. (2015). Feeding the World with Data, September 16, 2015. Retrieved from: http://thomsonreuters.com/en/articles/2015/feeding-the-world-with-data.html (15.01.2016).
CEO (2016). About CEO – Collegiate Entrepreneurs’ Organization. Retrieved from: http://www.c-e-o.org (15.01.2016).
CIIC (2015). Conference on Interdisciplinary Innovation and Collaboration, Dec 15, 2015. Retrieved from: http://ciic.s23m.com (15.01.2016).
Day, J. (2016). What do Great Innovators Have in Common. Retrieved from: https://ideascale.com/what-do-great-innovators-have-in-common (15.01.2016).
EMES (2015). 5th EMES International Research Conference on Social Enterprise. Re-trieved from: http://emes.net/events/conferences/5th-emes-international-research-conference-social-enterprise (15.01.2016).
Ekvall, G., & Ryammar, L. (1999). The Creative Climate: Its Determinants and Effects at a Swedish University. Creativity Research Journal, 12(4), 303-310.
Ericsson Mobility Report (2015). 70 percent of world’s population using smartphones by 2020. Retrieved from http://www.ericsson.com/news/1925907 (15.01.2016).
Hoskinsons, S., & Kuratko, D.F. (Eds.) (2014). Innovative Pathways for University En-trepreneurship in the 21st Century. Bingley: Emerald.
Issaksen, S.G., & Akkermans, H.J. (2011). Creative Climate: A Leadership Lever for Innovation. Journal of Creative Behavior, 45 (3), 161-187.
Issaksen, S.G., Lauer, K.J., & Ekvall, G. (1999). Situational Outlook Questionnaire: A Measure of the Climate for Creativity and Change. Psychological Reports, 85, 665-674.
Katz, R.N., Kvavik, R.B., Penrod, J.I., Pirani, J.A., Nelson, M.R., & Salaway, G. (2004). Information technology Leadership in Higher Education. Colorado: Educause Cen-ter for Applied Research, 1, 73-82. Retrieved from: https://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ers0401/rs/ers04017.pdf (15.01.2016).
Kirpatrick, D. (2014). Cultures of innovation. Retrieved from: http://thomsonreuters.com/en/articles/2014/enterprise-cultures-of-innovation.html (15.01.2016).
M1 Creativity (2016). The Climate for Creativity and Innovation. Retrieved from: http://www.m1creativity.co.uk/innovationclimate.htm (15.01.2016).
Panuwatwanich, K., Stewart, R. A., & Mohamed, S. (2008). The role of climate for inno-vation in enhancing business performance: The case of design firms. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 15(5), 407-422.
Radjou, N., Prabhu, J., Kaipa, P., & Ahuja, S. (2010). How Reframers Unleash Innovation in Their Companies (And Beyond). Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from: https://hbr.org/2010/07/how-reframers-are-unleashing-a (15.01.2016).
Rittell, H., & Webber, M. (1973). Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning. Policy Sciences, 4, 155-169.
Smith, N. (2012). To Build Your Business, Smash Your Silos. Retrieved from: http://www.fastcompany.com/1839317/build-your-business-smash-your-silos (15.01.2016).
Sramana, M. (2009). Key to Innovation: Universities. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/2009/04/02/universities-innovation-government-technology-enterprise-tech-universities.html (15.01.2016).
Thiveaud, E. (2015). The academic elite: 2015 Top 100 Most Innovative Universities. Nov 19, 2015. Retrieved from: http://thomsonreuters.com/en/articles/2015/academic-elite-2015-top-100-most-innovative-universities.html# (15.01.2016).
United Nations (2015). United Nations Millennium Goals and Beyond 2015. Retrieved from: http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals (15.01.2016).
World Conference on Technology, Innovation and Entrepreneurship (2015). Entrepre-neurship for Technology and Innovation-Based Sustainable Development. Retrieved from: http://www.istanbuluniversityinnovation.org (15.01.2016).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
1. The author agrees to publish his article free of charge in the journal "International Entrepreneurship Review" (IER) in the language of the above publication (English). The editorial staff reserves the right to shorten texts and to change titles.
2. The journal allows the authors to keep their copyrights (the copyright) in accordance with the license: Creative Commons CC-BY-ND 4.0.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) only the final version of the article, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access). We advise to use any of the following research society portals: