Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Sustainability-oriented competencies in entrepreneurship education: Insights from an empirical study on Polish students


Entrepreneurship education is aimed at shaping relevant entrepreneurial competencies needed not only to fulfil the role of the entrepreneur but also to change behaviour in order to build a culture of innovation, seeking knowledge and business opportunities to ensure sustainable economic growth and social wellbeing. Entrepreneurial competencies can be understood as knowledge, skills and attitudes having an impact on the readiness and ability to create new value as part of business or social activity. Therefore the development of entrepreneurial competencies is gaining growing interest. This article aims to determine the academic potential of entrepreneurship education in shaping competencies supporting sustainable development as well as to verify entrepreneurial competencies exemplified by students of a selected Polish university. In line with this, a quantitative study was carried out, based on a questionnaire-based survey involving students with entrepreneurship education background. This analysis allows assessing current trends in the development of entrepreneurial skills supporting sustainability at the higher education level.


entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurial competencies, sustainability



  1. Baartman, L.K.J., Bastiaens, T.J., Kirschner, P.A., & van der Vleuten, C.P.M. (2007). Evaluating assessment quality in competence-based education: A qualitative comparison of two frame-works. Educational Research Review, 2(2), 114-129.
  2. Bornstein, M.H., Jager, J., & Putnick, D.L. (2013). Sampling in Developmental Science: Situations, Shortcomings, Solutions, and Standards. Developmental Review, 33(4), 357–370. doi:
  3. Crowther, D., & Lancaster, G. (2008). Research Methods: A Concise Introduction to Research in Management and Business Consultancy. 2ed edition, New York: Taylor & Francis.
  4. Dawes, J. (2008). Do Data Characteristics Change According to the number of scale points used? An experiment using 5-point, 7-point and 10-point scales. International Journal of Market Re-search, 50(1), 61–77.
  5. Dean, T., & McMullen, J. (2007). Toward a theory of sustainable entrepreneurship: Reducing envi-ronmental degradation through entrepreneurial action. Journal of Business Venturing, 22, 50-76.
  6. European Commission (2010). Europe 2020: A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. Brussels: European Commission, COM(2010) 2020 final.
  7. European Commission (2012). Proposal for a Council Recommendation on the validation of non-formal and informal learning. Brussels: European Commission, COM(2012) 485 final, 05.09.2012
  8. European Commission (2013). Entrepreneurship 2020 Action Plan: Reigniting the entrepreneurial spirit in Europe. Brussels: European Commission, COM(2012) 795 final.
  9. European Communities (2005). Proposal for a Recommendation of the European Parliament and of the Council on key competences for lifelong learning. Brussels: Commission of the Europe-an Communities, COM(2005) 548.
  10. European Communities (2007). The Key Competences for Lifelong Learning – A European Refer-ence Framework. Luxembourg: European Communities, 2007.
  11. Fayolle, A., & Gailly, B. (2008). From craft to science: Teaching models and learning Processes in Entrepreneurship Education. Journal of European Industrial Training, 32(7), 569-593.
  12. Fichter, K., Geier, J., & Tiemann, I. (2016). Good practice collection – University support for sus-tainable entrepreneurship. Berlin, Helsinki, Linköping: SHIFT. Available from: [Accessed: 8 September 2018].
  13. Given, L. (2008). Convenience Sample. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods. SAGE Publications. doi:
  14. Hull, R.B., Kimmel, C., Robertson, D.P., & Mortimer, M. (2016). International field experiences promote professional development for sustainability leaders. International Journal of Sustain-ability in Higher Education, 17(1), 86-104.
  15. Jamali, D.A. (2016). Opportunities and Challenges for CSR Mainstreaming in Business Schools. International Journal of Technology and Educational Marketing, 6(2), 1-29.
  16. Kapitulčinová, D., Dlouhá, J., Ryan, A., Dlouhý, J., Barton, A., Mader, M., Tilbury, D., Mula, I., Be-nayas, J., Alba, D., Mader, C., Michelsen, G., & Vintar M. (Eds.) (2015). Leading Practice Publi-cation: Professional development of university educators on Education for Sustainable Devel-opment in European countries. Prague: Charles University in Prague.
  17. Kuratko, D.F. (2005). The emergence of entrepreneurship education: Development, trends, and challenges. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 29, 577-597.
  18. Lackeus, M. (2014). An emotion based approach to assessing entrepreneurial education. Interna-tional Journal of Management Education, 12(3), 374-396.
  19. Lackéus, M. (2015). Entrepreneurship in Education: What, Why, When, How. Entrepreneurship360 Background paper. Paris: OECD. Available from: eneurship-in-Education.pdf [Accessed: 8 September 2018].
  20. Lans T., Hulsink W., Baert H., & Mulder M. (2008). Entrepreneurship Education and Training in a Small Business Context: Insights from the Competence-Based Approach. Journal of Enterpris-ing Culture, 16(4), 363-383.
  21. Lockley, J., & Jarrath, M. (2013). The Nature of Sustainability as Viewed by European Students. Journal of Education for Sustainable Development, vol. 7(1), 113-124.
  22. Lourenço, F., Jones, O., & Jayawarna, D. (2013). Promoting sustainable development: The role of entrepreneurship education. International Small Business Journal, 31(8), 841-865.
  23. OECD (2011). Entrepreneurship at a Glance 2011. Paris: OECD Publishing.
  24. Pittaway, L., & Cope, J. (2007). Entrepreneurship Education: A Systematic Review of the Evidence. International Small Business Journal, 25, 479-510.
  25. Prandi, M., Martell, J., & Lozano, J.M. (2018). Learning in a social context. Available from: [Accessed: 8 September 2018].
  26. PRME (2017). Impact: A Decade of Principles for Responsible Management Education. Available from: [Accessed: 8 Septem-ber 2018].
  27. PRME (2018). Search Participants, Principles for Responsible Management Education. Available from: [Accessed: 8 September 2018].
  28. Redclift, M. (2005). Sustainable development (1987–2005) – an oxymoron comes of age. Sustaina-ble Development, 13(4), 212-227.
  29. Ramos, T.B., Caeiro, S., Moreno Pires, S., & Videira, N. (2018). Editorial: How are new sustainable development approaches responding to societal challenges? Sustainable Development, 26,117–121. doi:
  30. Salvioni, D.M., Franzoni, S., & Cassano, R. (2017). Sustainability in the Higher Education System: An Opportunity to Improve Quality and Image. Sustainability, 9(314), 1-27. doi:10.3390/su9060914
  31. Sánchez, J. (2013). The impact of an entrepreneurship education program on entrepreneurial competencies and intention. Journal of Small Business Management, 51, 447-465.
  32. Segalas, J., Ferrer-Balas, D., Svanstrom, M., Lundqvist, U., & Mulder, K.F. (2009). What has to be learnt for sustainability? A comparison of bachelor engineering education competencies at three European universities. Sustainability Science, 4(1), 17-27.
  33. UNESCO (2012). ESD+TVET: promoting skills for sustainable development. Paris: UNESCO.
  34. Urbaniec (2015). Sustainable Development Indicators in Poland: Measurement and System Evalua-tion. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 3(1), 119-134. doi: 10.15678/EBER.2015.030109
  35. Urbaniec, M. (2016). Rola uniwersytetu w kształtowaniu kompetencji przedsiębiorczych zgodnie z koncepcją zrównoważonego rozwoju. Horyzonty Wychowania, 15(35), 73-92.
  36. Wach, K., & Wojciechowski, L. (2016), Entrepreneurial Intentions of Students in Poland in the View of Ajzen’s Theory of Planned Behaviour. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 4(1), 83-94.
  37. WCED (The World Commission on Environment and Development) (1987). Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  38. WEF (World Economic Forum) (2011). Unlocking Entrepreneurial Capabilities to Meet the Global Challenges of the 21st Century: Final Report on the Entrepreneurship Education Workstream. World Economic Forum Global Education Initiative. Cologny/Geneva: World Economic Forum.
  39. Whiddett, S., & Hollyforde, S. (2003). A practical guide to competencies: How to enhance individu-al and organizational performance. London: CIPD.
  40. Willard, M., Wiedmeyer, C., Flint, R. W., Weedon, J. S., Woodward, R., Feldman, I., & Edwards, M. (2010). The sustainability professional: 2010 Competency Survey Report. International Society of Sustainability Professionals (ISSP).


Download data is not yet available.

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.